Shock Safe Nepal is a multidisciplinary project of the TU Delft, which was initiated after the devastating earthquake in Nepal in 2015.
The goal of the project was to come up with affordable, earthquake resistant housing designs for rural areas. Furthermore, the project elaborates on ways to deal with (and benefit from) the waste from demolished houses and on an integrated water systems as small scale solutions for water scarcity.
The project builds upon the previous work of other teams, that came up with a damage assessment and a strategic plan for reconstruction.
Earthquake resistant housing
The approach to reconstruction that is defined by the government is ‘owner driven’. This means that no large scale housing projects are ruthlessly implemented. Instead, house owners are awarded a grant to organize the reconstruction themselves. However, 2000-3000 USD is far from enough to build a house in Nepal.
In order to come up with the most affordable solution possible, we propose to:
- use local materials for construction
- reduce costs by reusing waste from the demolished houses
- build incremental: start of with a smaller house that can be expanded over time, remaining earthquake safe
House design 1
House design 2
House design 3
The booklet includes cost estimations of the three designs (stone masonry, rammed earth with wattle and daub and compressed earth bricks).
For a remote village, Ratankot, the first house design (stone masonry) was elaborated and projected on a specific location, including an integrated water system and a construction plan.
The construction plan includes the techniques to ensure earthquake resistance.
Full research report
The report presents the complete project, including the three house designs, the waste strategy for debris from demolished houses and the integrated water systems as small scale solutions for water scarcity.
Multidisciplinary university project
TU Delft, Netherlands
April 2017 – March 2017